SEO 101 for designers

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Search engine ranking affects the amount of traffic coming to a website in a big way. Rarely do users go past the second page of search engines when searching for something. Therefore, it is important to have your website on the first two pages for you to get any substantial traffic.

There are a number of things that may be making your website to rank poorly. These can include both on-page and off-page search engine optimization factors. On-page factors refer to things or actions done on the website to improve its rankings while off-page factors are those that are done outside the website.

Below are on-page and off-page factors that could be making your website not to rank well in search engines:

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On-page Search Engine Optimization Factors

Does your website have meta tags?

Meta tags are short descriptive words that search engine robots read to define what a website is about. The tags are place within the head tag and should contain the keywords that the business is targeting. Ideally, each page should contain its own set of meta tags, which should be revolving around the niche of the website.

What about title tags?

Does your website have a title tag? The title description is what is usually seen at the menu bar when a person opens up a website. Most websites simply have a “welcome to our website” or “home” text in the title bar. Such websites miss on leveraging on their target keywords. Put a short description about your website or service at the title tag and make sure you include your keywords.

Are your images optimized?

Search engines robots cannot read images. Thus, it is futile to write your keyword as an image. However, you can optimize the image by using alt tags. These tags should describe what the image is about and should also contain the keywords that you are targeting.

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Off-page Optimization Factors

Off-page optimization techniques refer to link building. This is the single most-powerful way of making a website rank well in search engines.

Link building can be done by submitting articles with a link back to your website to article directories, submitting blog comments with your an anchor text linking back to your website, social bookmarking, creating profile links, exchanging links with other webmasters, submitting the website URL to web directories, building link wheels among others.

However, it is important to remember that link building should be more about quality than quantity. Websites are given a page rank (PR) of 0 to 9 by search engines, with 0 being the least value and 9 being the highest. A link originating for a higher ranking page is more valuable than one from a low ranking one. For example, a link from a PR 9 site may be valuable than hundreds of links from a PR0 page.

Check that the links you are building are originating from high PR websites.

Duplicate Content

Is your content unique or has it been scrapped off from another website? Duplicate content is usually penalized by search engine and websites with duplicate or copied content usually rank poorly. There are two forms of duplicate content:

• Copying content from another website and not rewriting to make it unique.

• Using the same content in your website on different pages.

In the first instance, the website that originally had the content will be ranked whenever a search query that can be addressed by the content is initiated. In the second instance, only one page of your website will be ranked for the content while the rest will be ignored.

Flash and Video Websites

While Flash websites are very appealing to the human eye, they do not rank well because search engine robots cannot read Flash objects. If you would like to use flash in your website, keep it to a minimum. Also, avoid using too many videos and images as they will not rank as well as text. Ideally, 90 percent of your website should consist of unique text optimized for specific keywords.

Black Hat Techniques

If you use unethical, also known as “blackhat“, methods to achieve higher rankings, you may have to pay with poor rankings. Blackhat techniques include keyword stuffing, using iframes, link cloaking, getting links from link farms among others. In fact, your website may be penalized by Google and banned from appearing in search engine results.

Another technique that is usually penalized is automatic link building. If you have just started a new website and suddenly get 1000 links in one day, your website may be temporary ranked poorly. Webmasters refer to this temporary drop in ranking as “sandbox”. It can take as many as 12 months to get the sandbox lifted.

If you are building links automatically, build them gradually and in small numbers so that they appear to be natural.

Does web hosting affect rankings?

Web hosting may have an impact on the performance of your website in terms of accessibility and load speed but it does not affect search engine rankings. Websites on both shared hosting and dedicated server hosting have a level platform when it comes to search engine rankings. However, it is still important to get a good web hosting solutions company to host your website.

Add to the discussion:

The above are some of the things that may be making your website to rank poorly. Anyone who has other points or experiences with poor rankings is welcomed to share. If you have any more questions or problems with SEO, leave a comment, and let’s have a chat!

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About Ellee Parker

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  1. G’day Ellee,

    I’m really interested in this topic as I’ve heard conflicting opinions about SEO.

    A blogger I follow called Tentblogger claims that Meta tagging is all but useless – he has 1000’s of visits per day.

    Yet there also seems to be an industry around it that perpetuates the ‘need’ for SEO services.

    Is there an kind of practical demonstration that I can get to see similar sites with and without SEO optimisation?

  2. Can somebody explain step by step how to add sitemap to Blogger blog. All tutorials I have read till now have poor descriptions like: upload site map and add to blogger template from edit html and then start with description with end to point to site map. Which host to use, how to link to that file (site map).

  3. Great stuff … a good basic primer …

  4. if you want to SEO a website , you need to know about white hat and black hat SEO and importand understand about search engine 🙂

  5. wow, this is a good guide for beginners, thanks for sharing!

    my friends are planning to have a blog, however we are not that very knowledgeable when it comes to these stuffs,we started reading articles and so far this article is a big help! 🙂 do you know other resources or perhaps give me any info that I can review and consider before starting our blog? thanks!

    • @eirene,
      nice to hear you’re going to start your own blog! 😀
      for you to have idea on how and where to start, it is important to review certain resources. read articles, visit diff sites/blogs that provide topics of your niche, visit forums. in that way you can gain new idea and friends. 😉

  6. @Bojan – Go to and type in sitemap generator. Click on one of the top results and then the site will generate a sitemap for you. After it’s generated; upload it to your site and submit it to Google and etc. If you switch to WordPress there are several great plugins for it. For Blogger, a quick search told me that you can submit either your atom.xml file or as the sitemap for your blog. Not sure on the validity of that – I found it on a forum. Hope it helps.

  7. Hi Ellee, I find the good definitons with the details of SEO. Thanks for sharing. I like to share some On Page SEO ttechniques. On Page SEO- check canonical issue, Add sitemap.xml and sitemap.html,Url optimizatin, Content optimization, Include important HTML tags and keyword density.

    • yeah basically a beginner/designer should understand what SEO is, SEO can either make or break you that’s why it is important to, at least, have a primer or idea about it.

      And oh, thanks for the tips you shared also, I agree with these 😉

  8. Its great article, This is very usefull for beginners.

  9. Great starters guide, cheers.

  10. Nice article! One of the most important things is to implement SEO right from the start. This safes really a lot of time. You can write proper alt texts, meta tags etc. right from the beginning and don’t have to edit this later on.

    • By being on the first page position in multiple search engines, will greatly help facilitate the prospective buyers both within and outside the country to find the products or services you have through their search activity in some the largest search engine such as Google, Yahoo and Bing.

  11. Great Article!!!!
    Thanks for simple way to work on On page, Off page.
    Thanks a lot.

  12. I dont know why people discuss on-page optimization first and then off-page optimization. On-page optimization thou good to have is not essential. Proper off-page optimization delivers results many hundred times than what on-page can achieve.

  13. Very concise, very easy to digest SEO tips. Of course there’s a whole lot more underneath the surface but this provides a great way to get started on SEO techniques for one’s website.

  14. Amazing article! The things you’ve shared are actually the things most people tend to forget when building a website. Structure is key.

  15. Great article. I’ve been looking for a great guide to incorporate website aesthetics with SEO and I think I found it here! thanks! You rock mate!

  16. Exactly search engines optimization effect upon the traffic a lot and it direct more people towards your website but it is your responsibility to give some interesting and exciting information or services to people so that they keep browsing your website. In this regards, on-page optimization plays vital role to make your web pages, posts, images etc users and search engines’ friendly. I think its time to say good bye to black hat techniques and follow organic ways for getting hire rank and save yourself from Google’s penalty.

  17. I am a designer this information is really useful for me really thanks i do follow this blog daily

  18. Its so import to understand the basics of SEO as a designer most clients wont be to happy if there site tanks buy looks amazing.

  19. Google has developed automatic algorithms that rank your site. They send out what are called “spiders” to “crawl” your site and check it for over 100 indicators that determine whether your site is valuable or useless. These indicators include things like backlinks, domain age, traffic, fresh content, etc.

    SEO is the art of making sure those spiders are happy with that they find. It is an extremely complex field that is constantly changing but in all that chaos there are a few constants that have remained true since the beginning.

  20. Earlier the criteria is link building which makes the website at top but now a days SEO that is search engine optimization is different and design, content and social signals are playing a vital role in ranking the website on top of Google

  21. Seriously well wrote Sara. SEO is itself a industry that is never ending and moreover it is increasing day by day so the people who don’t know about such stuff or we can say layman guy should select the company very carefully by doing proper research.

  22. Glad that i found this article it explains key elements of seo in a short and sweet manner. Nice post Ellee Parker. 🙂

  23. Thanks Elle. I’m a beginner and this is incredibly helpful. I will be applying some of the things I’ve learned from you in this article.

  24. Both types of SEO, i.e. on-page as well as off-page, are essential for achieving top rankings in search engines. Designers can benefits from this valuable blog post.

  25. This is really a helpful article but i want to ask a question. Is meta-keyword got any value now? Someone told me to include at least few meta-keyword just to make sure we are not taking any risk. What do you think about that? Thanks

  26. Interesting topics …… mention is not clear but on-page discussion is so clear to me.
    Thanks for sharing.

  27. Hey, Ellee,

    This is an amazingly constructed information about the metrics of local SEO that a digital marketer should be careful about. I especially like your take on the “image optimization” as that is one aspect that many seem to ignore. This tips will come really handy for a newbie in digital marketing. Keep coming up with more articles.

  28. Great article really covers the basics and a good jumping off point for my websites seo. That’s for the advice.

  29. can somebody explain step by step how can I index in search engine so many sites?

  30. Awesome article! Really like the auto link building part, i feel like having an automatic process for link building would intrigue people, but like you said having 1000 links sent in a day could do more harm than good!

  31. Off page, SEO is the very important in link building on our website.
    One of the most important things is to implement SEO right from the start.
    Thank you so much for sharing this nice post.

  32. Decent article! A standout amongst essential things is to execute SEO ideal from the begin. This safe truly a considerable measure of time. You can compose appropriate alt writings, meta labels and so on ideal from the earliest starting point and don’t need to alter this later on.

  33. Thank You..

  34. The On Page one of the Biggest Factor When your try to rank your website.But some time designer doesn’t know how to design website SEO friendly.which make Difficulties during ON Page For SEO. But Thanks for the above Tips which Make Website SEO friendly.

  35. Hi, Ellee Parker!
    I have read your article very carefully and feeling proud. I have a question about two things, one is Keyword Prominence and another is Keyword Proximity. Are these important for Search Engine Optimization?
    I am waiting for your great reply!
    You have a great writing ability, please, continue your writing in the future!

    Thanks for your great efforts!

  36. Hi – this is a good article. You have hit all the main points and shared a lot of useful information.

    Thank you



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